Nearly 40 percent of bone injuries in cases of trauma to the face are nose fractures. The treatment begins with primary care which involves assessing the extent of the injury, evaluating the reasons for the injury, and understanding the nose and face condition prior to the injury.
A rhinoplasty plastic surgeon can offer appropriate treatment for nasal fractures.
There are many types of nasal fractures. These fractures can cause breathing impediments, and a crooked or deformed nose if left untreated. Any place in the “bony pyramid” (the pyramid-like bony structure projecting from the face) of the nose can develop a fracture.
Different types of fractures will require different types of osteotomy (the practice of rejoining or resetting the bones). Board certified plastic surgeon Dr. Eugene Kim provides rhinoplasty to patients in Beverly Hills, Los Angeles, Santa Monica, West Hollywood, CA, and surrounding locations.
Greenstick fractures affect the nasal bone edges. These fractures usually occur in children as their bones are still developing and very flexible. This is the reason why these fractures are often partial instead of completely broken bones.
This type of fracture is more serious, and it causes the nasal bridge and septum to collapse and become conclave into the face. The term Saddle deformity describes the saddle-like shape which is apparent when the face is seen in profile.
This condition may occur due to acute trauma to the face or the breaking down of cartilage due to snorting drugs such as cocaine. The treatment of the saddle deformity involves the surgeon taking cartilage or rib bone tissue from a donor to restore the nasal bridge and septum.
In a comminuted fracture, the bone breaks down into three or more pieces. The surgeon will remove the extra bone pieces. If left untreated, these may lead to severe complications. The surgeon will also align the nasal bones. This condition commonly occurs with severe injuries or in older patients who have weakened bones.
Le Fort Fractures
Sometimes, a serious injury can lead to damage to the bones behind the nose, also known as maxillae. The maxillae comprise two bones that comprise the upper jaw and palate offering support to the nasal structure. These fractures are called Le Fort fractures and are categorized into three types.
Le Fort I fractures occur in a horizontal position and cause damage to the nostril line and jaw. Le Fort II fractures impact the maxillae underneath the sockets of the eyes surrounding the nasal bridge.
A Le Fort II fracture causes damage to the bones in the “bony-pyramid” area. This fracture extends from the nose bridge to the mouth corners in an inverted V-shape. Le Fort III fractures lead to damage to the bones around the eyes or the orbital sockets.
Le Fort fractures are a serious condition which requires immediate treatment as it can cause long-term damage to the palate and the brain. An experienced rhinoplasty surgeon can successfully treat these fractures.
Cosmetic surgeon Dr. Eugene Kim receives patients from Beverly Hills, Los Angeles, Santa Monica, West Hollywood, CA, and nearby areas for rhinoplasty.Click here see more plastic surgery procedures and treatments performed by Board Certified Plastic Surgeon, Dr. Eugene Kim on patients in Beverly Hills, Los Angeles, West Hollywood, Santa Monica and surrounding areas or call 310-271-6996 to schedule a consultation.